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Published On: Fri, Jan 25th, 2019

Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh, Bhupen Hazarika given highest civilian award Bharat Ratna

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BHARAT-RATNA-1NEW DELHI : Former President Pranab Mukherjee, Bharatiya Jana Sangh leader Nanaji Deshmukh and singer Bhupen Hazarika will be conferred the country’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna. The Bharat Ratna will be conferred after a gap of four years. Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and founder of Banaras Hindu University Madan Mohan Malviya were given the award by the Narendra Modi government in 2015.
In an official statement, the government said Deshmukh and Hazarika have been selected for the award posthumously. Mukherjee, fondly known as ‘Pranab Da’, was the president between 2012 and 2017.  Prime Minister Narendra Modi said Mukherjee is an outstanding statesman of present times who has served the nation selflessly and tirelessly for decades, leaving a strong imprint on the nation’s growth trajectory.
“His (Mukherjee) wisdom and intellect have few parallels. Delighted that he has been conferred the Bharat Ratna,” Modi tweeted. Referring to Deshmukh, Modi said his stellar contribution towards rural development showed the way for a new paradigm of empowering those living in our villages. “He (Deshmukh) personifies humility, compassion and service to the downtrodden. He is a Bharat Ratna in the truest sense!,” he tweeted. Praising Hazarika, Modi said his songs and music are admired by people across generations.”From them radiates the message of justice, harmony and brotherhood.

Last year, Mr Mukherjee’s decision to accept an invite by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or RSS, the BJP’s ideological mentor, to attend their function in Nagpur had rattled the Congress, his party of nearly 50 years. Some leaders, including Mr Mukherjee’s daughter Sharmistha Mukherjee, openly said it will play into the BJP’s hands by offering them a devastating political weapon.
“He (Hazarika) popularised India’s musical traditions globally. Happy that the Bharat Ratna has been conferred on Bhupen Da,” the PM tweeted. The 83-year-old Mukherjee, who was also known as the quintessential Man Friday of the Congress, joins the elite club with Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Rajendra Prasad, Zakir Hussain and V V Giri who had been conferred the coveted award.
Expressing gratitude over the award, Mukherjee said “I have got more from the people of our great country than I have given to them”. “It is with a deep sense of humility and gratitude to the people of India that I accept this great honour #BharatRatna bestowed upon me. I have always said and I repeat, that I have got more from the people of our great country than I have given to them,” he said in a tweet.

Mukherjee became India’s youngest finance minister in 1982 at the age of 47. From 2004, he went on to head three crucial ministries – External Affairs, Defence and Finance – and became the first occupant of the Rashtrapati Bhavan to have this distinction. Last year, Mukherjee had drawn flak from certain quarters for attending an RSS function in Nagpur.
Deshmukh was associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh(RSS). since 1928 till his death in Satna, Madhya Pradesh in 2010 at the age of 94. He was known for starting the chain of RSS inspired schools throughout India. He was one of the founding members of the Bharatiya Jan Sangh which later evolved as the Bharatiya Janta Party. He was considered to be one of the architects of the Jai Prakash Narain movement against Emergency in 1974 and among the key persons in the formation of the Janata Party government in 1977. Born in 1926, Hazarika was a playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet and film-maker from Assam.
Hazarika did his Phd from Columbia University in 1952. He died in 2011. The cultural icon also had a brush with politics and had unsuccessfully contested the Guwahati Lok Sabha seat on a BJP ticket in 2004. He was an independent MLA in Assam during 1967-72. Hazarika gave music in Bollywood movies Rudaali, Darmiyaan, Gaja Gamini, Daman and many Assamese hits, including award winning film Sameli Memsaab. With Friday’s announcement, the number of people who have received the Bharat Ratna so far has gone up to 48.
Late actor Kader Khan, cricketer Gautam Gambhir, senior advocate HS Phoolka, scientist Nambi Narayanan, late journalist Kuldip Nayar, mountaineer Bachendri Pal and southern actor Mohanlal are among the 112 personalities selected for the Padma awards announced this evening ahead of India’s 70th Republic Day celebrations. Of the 112 recipients, 21 are women and 11 foreigners or NRIs, three posthumous awardees and one transgender person.
Folk artiste Teejan Bai, Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh, entrepreneur Anilkumar Manibhai Naik, and writer Balwant Moreshwar Purandare will receive the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honour, from President Ram Nath Kovind at the Rashtrapati Bhavan around March.

The list of 94 Padma Shri awardees features actor Manoj Bajpayee, footballer Sunil Chhetri, choreographer/director Prabhu Deva, singer Shankar Mahadevan and freestyle wrestler Bajrang Punia.
One of the highest civilian Awards of the country, Padma Awards are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.
The ‘Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order and ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field.(With Agency Inputs ).

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